IFAD began operations in Mozambique in 1983 and has provided more than US$200 million in financing for 12 programmes and projects in the country. A country strategic opportunities programme (COSOP) approved in 2011 sets out a framework for the partnership between IFAD and the Government of Mozambique from 2011 through 2015. The COSOP builds on IFAD's experience and lessons learned from past operations in the country, including notable successes in:
- Creating market linkages between small-scale producers and buyers
- Facilitating the introduction of new technologies and services for fishing communities
- Setting up savings and credit groups
- Rehabilitating rural roads for better access to markets and services
- Introducing important policy and legislative changes, such as the protection of artisanal fishing
The country programme continues its strategic focus on supporting smallholder farmers and artisanal fishers. Its main target group comprises poor producers who have the potential to expand and commercialize their activities, with a special emphasis on disadvantaged groups such as women and young people.
IFAD's overriding goal in Mozambique is to help integrate these small-scale producers into profitable and accessible markets. To achieve this goal, it pursues three strategic objectives:
- Improving smallholder farmers' and artisanal fishers' access to technologies and services that increase productivity – by ensuring that farmers and fishers have secure rights to use key natural resources, supporting a strong natural resource management system and mitigating climate risks where possible
- Increasing access to and participation in markets for an equitable share of profits – by helping to develop economic infrastructure for the conservation, processing and marketing of produce, and building solid and equitable partnerships between small-scale producers and agribusinesses
- Increasing access to sustainable financial services in rural areas – by promoting an enhanced institutional and policy environment for rural finance, and supporting community-based services offering financial products specifically targeted to the needs of rural communities.
Moreover, IFAD engages in policy dialogue where relevant issues emerge from project operations, and it helps build the capacity of local stakeholders to participate in policy processes.
IFAD's country strategy is fully aligned with all the major strategies defining the framework for collaboration between the government and its development partners – including the Poverty Reduction Action Plan, United Nations Development Assistance Framework, Strategic Plan for Agricultural Development and Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme.
Beyond its regular programme of work in Mozambique, IFAD also funds projects with small grants, including the following:
- Securing Artisanal Fishers' Resource Rights Project (PRODIRPA), which aims to improve the livelihoods of artisanal fishing communities by strengthening their security over and management of natural resources (Implementation: Institute for Development of Small-scale Fisheries, 2013-2016)
- Coastal HIV/Aids Prevention and Nutrition Improvement Project (CHAPANI), designed to improve food security and livelihoods of artisanal fisher households (Implementation: Associação Moçambicana Ajuda de Povo para Povo, 2012-2015)
- Community Investor Partnership Project (ProParcerias), which promotes the establishment of sustainable community-investor partnerships in rural areas (Implementation: National Directorate for the Promotion of Rural Development, 2011-2013)
- Project for Promotion of Small Scale Aquaculture (PROAQUA), financed by the European Union through IFAD, this project is implemented by the National Institute for the Development of Aquaculture and aims to increase the consumption and sale of fish by small-scale fisher households in four districts of Manica and Sofala Provinces. The project's overall goal is to improve the livelihoods and food security of poor households involved in fish farming. It supports aquaculture development by building fish farmer groups and providing technical support, training and start-up packages.
Watch the video on IFAD's work with EU Food Facility initiative