IFAD in Angola
IFAD's first project in Angola, the Malanje Smallholder Sector Rehabilitation Project, began in 1991 but was suspended in 1992 when fighting broke out again and it became impossible to maintain a presence in the project area. IFAD began formulating two new projects after the Lusaka Peace Accord was signed in November 1994. The Northern Region Foodcrops Development Project (PRODECA) was initiated in 1997 and the Northern Fishing Communities Development Programme (PESNORTE) began in 1999. Both operations were disrupted by a fresh outbreak of war in late 1998, and were resumed after the conflict ended in 2002, when the project and programme areas became accessible again.
The Market-oriented Smallholder Agriculture Project (MOSAP) is the only current IFAD-funded project in Angola. It was approved in December 2007 for an IFAD loan of US$8.2 million and cofinancing provided by the World Bank and Japan. The IFAD loan was signed in April 2008 and declared effective in November 2009. The World Bank credit was declared effective in September 2011 and it is now the cooperating institution.
A fisheries project is currently under development. The project goal will be to contribute to poverty reduction in artisanal inland fishing and small-scale fish-farming households in target communities by improving food security and nutrition.
IFAD's primary objectives in post-conflict Angola are to ensure food security and help increase incomes, particularly for people living in the poorest areas of the central highlands. The organization's programmes and projects will address vulnerable groups such as women and households headed by women, as well as young people, demobilized soldiers and displaced persons. Development activities are directed towards:
- increasing smallholder production of basic food crops
- strengthening rural organizations and representatives of vulnerable groups
- ensuring access to services and infrastructure such as schools, health centres and wells for the most disadvantaged groups
- promoting pro-poor policies based on in-depth knowledge of the needs of poor rural people in specific localities.
IFAD's approach to rebuilding the livelihoods of poor rural people in Angola is based on local-level knowledge of their circumstances and needs. All operations adhere to the three principles of IFAD's regional strategy for East and Southern Africa:
- targeting carefully
- empowering poor rural women and men
- helping rural organizations influence local and national institutions.
In the post-war period of reconstruction, IFAD's operations have made a contribution towards rebuilding communities, improving livelihoods and ensuring stability in rural areas. Millions of Angolans are now newly settled or resettled in rural areas. Providing basic social infrastructure has been important in motivating people to return to these areas, as demonstrated by the increase in population around new schools and health centres.
Evaluations of the Belgian Survival Fund investments in Angola have shown that the construction and rehabilitation of infrastructure in rural areas can have a rapid positive impact on the lives of poor rural people.